"Apprenticeship is a value creation strategy for employers. Apprenticeship operates on a pay for performance basis"

NITAS contains seven apprenticeship programs. These programs are designed to ensure that the U.S. IT workforce maintains global competitive advantage across the full range of wage-proficiency price points in the labor market.


Database Services is a vital work area for many IT workers. This program guide describes the content, operational principles and benefits of the NITAS “Database Services” (DS) apprenticeship concentration. The guide also provides an overview of the National Information Technology Apprenticeship System (NITAS).

IT workers and employer organizations can participate in
NITAS by registering with the DoL, ETA


"Apprenticeship is a value creation strategy"

Apprenticeship as a Training Methodology & Business Performance Improvement Driver

⦁ Apprenticeship is a proven training strategy that involves both On-the-Job Learning (OJL) and Instructor Led Training (ILT) provided by classroom instruction or Computer Based Training (CBT).

⦁ The uniqueness of apprenticeship as a training methodology lies in the coordinated and combined use of structured OJL and related ILT.

⦁ Individuals master the practical aspects of work by performing work tasks under the guidance of a more experienced or journeyworker coach.

⦁ Theoretical aspects of work are mastered during the related ILT.


This arrangement ensures the individual's employability and guarantees competent workers for an employer by providing for the learning of a complete range of relevant skills and knowledge during training.

The synergy resulting from the combination of ILT and highly contextualized OJL delivered through the apprentice-coach interactions and other methods shorten the time required to bring a worker up to predictable productivity.

In the traditional model of IT training, classroom education is followed by on-the-job experience whereby an individual first spends a substantial amount of time in general schooling with little or no hands-on experience prior to employment.

Under the traditional model, the worker’s credentials are based solely upon the fulfillment of the classroom training, which can be very general and non-specific to the work at hand, requiring workers to extrapolate general principles to specific work activities.

Quite often workers find these kinds of extrapolations difficult, which reduce the value and relevancy of their training and make the credential an incomplete indicator of competency.

The apprenticeship approach overcomes such training deficiencies. Under apprenticeship ILT, highly contextualized OJL, competency validation, certification and performance measurement are combined elements in a worker’s credentialing process. The result is a better-trained worker who becomes fully productive in a shorter time.

Apprenticeship is changing the workforce educational paradigm in America. To be competitive in a 21st century global economy, workers’ credentialing must include demonstrated competency on the job. Classroom instruction remains an important part of a worker’s training, but performance on the job remains the target measure of competency.

Apprenticeship in IT


"Apprenticeship is a value creation strategy for employers. Apprenticeship operates on a pay for performance basis"

Apprenticeship has long been established as an effective methodology for training and developing employees in the “construction trades” such as plumbing, electrical, sheet metal, etc. Recently the apprenticeship concept has been introduced to the IT industry. Through two consecutive grants from the DOL, CompTIA performed the research and development necessary to create a 21st century apprenticeship system that ultimately became NITAS.

According to the June 2003 Report to Congress titled “Education and Training for the Information Workforce” employers seek workers who possess a specific combination of technical skills and experience, often coupled with a college degree, personal skills, and business or industry knowledge. Therefore, the IT professional needs to be a well-rounded employee with technical knowledge and skills along with business and communication skills. The National IT Apprenticeship System (NITAS) is a ready-made apprenticeship system to help produce well-rounded, highly productive workers in the shortest possible period of time.

In addition to being a training strategy, apprenticeship is a value creation strategy for employers. Apprenticeship operates on a pay for performance basis. Employers can hire workers that are partially trained and pay those workers commensurately. Then, using the apprenticeship principles and the NITAS tools, the workers become productive quickly allowing the employer to secure high value throughout the apprenticeship period.

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